Sweet Land of Liberty: The Forgotten Struggle for Civil Rights in the North

#ad
Random House #ad - Thomas sugrue has written a narrative bound to become the standard source on this essential subject. The struggle for racial equality in the North has been a footnote in most books about civil rights in America. He uncovers the forgotten stories of battles to open up lunch counters, beaches, and movie theaters in the North; the untold history of struggles against Jim Crow schools in northern towns; the dramatic story of racial conflict in northern cities and suburbs; and the long and tangled histories of integration and black power.

Appearing throughout these tumultuous tales of bigotry and resistance are the people who propelled progress, such as Anna Arnold Hedgeman, a dedicated churchwoman who in the 1930s became both a member of New York’s black elite and an increasingly radical activist; A. Philip randolph, who as america teetered on the brink of world war ii dared to threaten fdr with a march on washington to protest discrimination–and got the Fair Employment Practices Committee “the second Emancipation Proclamation” as a result; Morris Milgram, a white activist who built the Concord Park housing development, the interracial answer to white Levittown; and Herman Ferguson, a mild-mannered New York teacher whose protest of a Queens construction site led him to become a key player in the militant Malcolm X’s movement.

Sweet Land of Liberty: The Forgotten Struggle for Civil Rights in the North #ad - Filled with unforgettable characters and riveting incidents, and making use of information and accounts both public and private, such as the writings of obscure African American journalists and the records of civil rights and black power groups, Sweet Land of Liberty creates an indelible history. Sweet land of liberty is an epic, revelatory account of the abiding quest for justice in states from Illinois to New York, and of how the intense northern struggle differed from and was inspired by the fight down South.

Thomas sugrue’s panoramic view sweeps from the 1920s to the present–more than eighty of the most decisive years in American history. Now this monumental new work from one of the most brilliant historians of his generation sets the record straight.

#ad



The Failures Of Integration: How Race and Class Are Undermining the American Dream

#ad
PublicAffairs #ad - In a society that sets up "winner" and "loser" communities and schools defined by race and class, racial minorities in particular are locked out of the "winner" column. Most whites have bought into the psychology of the bulwark: the idea that separating themselves from different races and classes is the only sure route to better opportunity.

Board of education, but fifty years later, sounded the death knell for legal segregation, de facto segregation in America thrives. Only a small minority of the affluent are truly living the American Dream, good public schools, job-rich suburbs, complete with attractive, reasonably low taxes, and little violent crime.

The Failures Of Integration: How Race and Class Are Undermining the American Dream #ad - On may 17, 1954, the supreme court unanimously declared that separate educational facilities for blacks and whites are inherently "unequal" and, as such, violate the 14th Amendment. Sheryll cashin shows why this separation is not working for most Americans. In a rapidly diversifying america, Cashin argues, we need a radical transformation-a jettisoning of the now ingrained assumption that separation is acceptable-in order to solve the riddle of inequality.

Many escape to affluent all-black enclaves in hopes of thriving among their own, even as they attempt to insulate themselves from their less advantaged brothers and sisters. But with the expensive price tag attached to "winner" communities, middle-income whites also struggle to afford homes in good neighborhoods with acceptable schools.

What's worse is that we've come to accept our segregated society.

#ad



From Jim Crow to Civil Rights: The Supreme Court and the Struggle for Racial Equality

#ad
Oxford University Press #ad - In this authoritative account of constitutional law concerning race, how and whether Supreme Court decisions do, in the richest and most thorough discussion to date, in fact, Michael Klarman details, matter. In a highly provocative interpretation of the decision's connection to the civil rights movement, Klarman argues that Brown was more important for mobilizing southern white opposition to racial change than for encouraging direct-action protest.

A monumental investigation of the supreme court's rulings on race, From Jim Crow To Civil Rights spells out in compelling detail the political and social context within which the Supreme Court Justices operate and the consequences of their decisions for American race relations. Brown unquestioningly had a significant impact--it brought race issues to public attention and it mobilized supporters of the ruling.

From Jim Crow to Civil Rights: The Supreme Court and the Struggle for Racial Equality #ad - It also, however, energized the opposition.

#ad



Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States

#ad
Oxford University Press #ad - This first full-scale history of the development of the American suburb examines how "the good life" in America came to be equated with the a home of one's own surrounded by a grassy yard and located far from the urban workplace. And compares american residential patterns with those of Japan and Europe.

Integrating social history with economic and architectural analysis, and rapid transportation, and taking into account such factors as the availability of cheap land, inexpensive building methods, Kenneth Jackson chronicles the phenomenal growth of the American suburb from the middle of the 19th century to the present day.

Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States #ad - . He treats communities in every section of the U. S. And Europe. In conclusion, jackson offers a controversial prediction: that the future of residential deconcentration will be very different from its past in both the U. S.

#ad



Waiting 'Til the Midnight Hour: A Narrative History of Black Power in America

#ad
Henry Holt and Co. #ad - Joseph traces the history of the men and women of the movement—many of them famous or infamous, others forgotten. Waiting 'til the midnight hour begins in harlem in the 1950s, artists, despite the Cold War's hostile climate, where, black writers, and activists built a new urban militancy that was the movement's earliest incarnation.

A gripping narrative that brings to life a legendary moment in american history: the birth, a group of black activists, and death of the Black Power movementWith the rallying cry of "Black Power!" in 1966, life, including Stokely Carmichael and Huey P. Newton, building on malcolm x's legacy, turned their backs on Martin Luther King's pacifism and, pioneered a radical new approach to the fight for equality.

Waiting 'Til the Midnight Hour: A Narrative History of Black Power in America #ad - In a series of character-driven chapters, on both coasts of the country, and with them, we witness the rise of Black Power groups such as the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and the Black Panthers, a fundamental change in the way Americans understood the unfinished business of racial equality and integration.

Drawing on original archival research and more than sixty original oral histories, this narrative history vividly invokes the way in which Black Power redefined black identity and culture and in the process redrew the landscape of American race relations. Waiting 'til the midnight hour is a history of the Black Power movement, that storied group of men and women who would become American icons of the struggle for racial equality.

#ad



Ella Baker and the Black Freedom Movement: A Radical Democratic Vision Gender and American Culture

#ad
The University of North Carolina Press #ad - Beyond documenting an extraordinary life, the book paints a vivid picture of the African American fight for justice and its intersections with other progressive struggles worldwide across the twentieth century. E. Du bois, thurgood Marshall, and Martin Luther King Jr. Students, all the while maintaining relationships with a vibrant group of women, and activists both black and white.

In this deeply researched biography, barbara ransby chronicles Baker's long and rich political career as an organizer, and a teacher, an intellectual, from her early experiences in depression-era Harlem to the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. Ransby shows baker to be a complex figure whose radical, commitment to empowering the black poor, democratic worldview, and emphasis on group-centered, grassroots leadership set her apart from most of her political contemporaries.

Ella Baker and the Black Freedom Movement: A Radical Democratic Vision Gender and American Culture #ad - She was a national officer and key figure in the national Association for the Advancement of Colored People, one of the founders of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and a prime mover in the creation of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. One of the most important african american leaders of the twentieth century and perhaps the most influential woman in the civil rights movement, Ella Baker 1903-1986 was an activist whose remarkable career spanned fifty years and touched thousands of lives.

Baker made a place for herself in predominantly male political circles that included W. B. A gifted grassroots organizer, Baker shunned the spotlight in favor of vital behind-the-scenes work that helped power the black freedom struggle.

#ad



A More Beautiful and Terrible History: The Uses and Misuses of Civil Rights History

#ad
Beacon Press #ad - As not only challenging southern sheriffs but northern liberals, too; and Coretta Scott King not only as a “helpmate” but a lifelong economic justice and peace activist who pushed her husband’s activism in these directions. Moving from “the histories we get” to “the histories we need, ” theoharis challenges nine key aspects of the fable to reveal the diversity of people, especially women and young people, who led the movement; the work and disruption it took; the role of the media and “polite racism” in maintaining injustice; and the immense barriers and repression activists faced.

This fable, has shuttered the movement firmly in the past, whitewashed the forces that stood in its way, featuring dreamy heroes and accidental heroines, and diminished its scope. Activists embraced an expansive vision of justice—which a majority of Americans opposed and which the federal government feared.

A More Beautiful and Terrible History: The Uses and Misuses of Civil Rights History #ad - By showing us the complex reality of the movement, the power of its organizing, and the beauty and scope of the vision, Theoharis proves that there was nothing natural or inevitable about the progress that occurred. A more beautiful and terrible history will change our historical frame, the uncomfortable mirror it holds to the nation, revealing the richness of our civil rights legacy, and the crucial work that remains to be done.

Winner of the 2018 brooklyn Public Library Literary Prize in Nonfiction. In a more beautiful and terrible history award-winning historian Jeanne Theoharis dissects this national myth-making, teasing apart the accepted stories to show them in a strikingly different light. We see rosa parks not simply as a bus lady but a lifelong criminal justice activist and radical; Martin Luther King, Jr.

#ad



Voices of Freedom: An Oral History of the Civil Rights Movement from the 1950s Through the 1980s

#ad
Bantam #ad - In this monumental volume, draw upon nearly one thousand interviews with civil rights activists, Justice Department officials, and hundreds of ordinary people who took part in the struggle, reporters, Henry Hampton, politicians, creator and executive producer of the acclaimed PBS series Eyes on the Prize, series writer, and Steve Fayer, weaving a fascinating narrative of the civil rights movement told by the people who lived it.

Join brave and terrified youngsters walking through a jeering mob and up the steps of Central High School in Little Rock. You will hear the voices of those who defied the blackjacks, who went to jail, who witnessed and policed the movement; of those who stood for and against it—voices from the heart of America.

Voices of Freedom: An Oral History of the Civil Rights Movement from the 1950s Through the 1980s #ad - Listen to the vivid voices of the ordinary people who manned the barricades, the students, the laborers, the housewives without whom there would have been no civil rights movements at all. This remarkable oral history brings to life country's great struggle for civil rights as no conventional narrative can.

#ad



Montgomery Bus Boycott: Women Who Started It

#ad
Univ Tennessee Press #ad - Edmonds, library journal"there's no substitute for this intimate memoir; it provides an immediacy and graphic intensity never before available. Marge frantz, san jose mercury news"This powerful memoir is a milestone in the history of that boycott and in the American Civil Rights Movement. American history illustrated"This absorbing study may become a minor classic in the literature of the Montgomery bus boycott.

. Garrow correctly states in his foreword that this book is the most important participant-observer account of the Montgomery protest available to students and scholars of the black freedom movement. Mills thornton, university of michigan"this valuable first-hand account of the historic Montgomery Bus Boycott, written by an important, behind-the-scenes organizer, evokes the emotional intensity of the civil rights struggle.

Montgomery Bus Boycott: Women Who Started It #ad - It ought to be required reading for all Americans who value their freedom and the contribution of black women to our history. Coretta scott king"a sharply remembered addition to the literature on what has become an event of mythic proportions, and a sound primer for those interested in community organizing.

The author is scrupulously honest, modest, and gives unsung heroes much deserved praise. Kirkus"this fascinating memoir provides new evidence on the origins and sustaining force of the Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-56. Anthony O.

#ad



Brown v. Board of Education and the Civil Rights Movement

#ad
Oxford University Press #ad - Klarman has compressed his acclaimed study into tight focus around one major case--Brown v. Board of education--making the path-breaking arguments of his original work accessible to a broader audience of general readers and students. In this revised and condensed edition, Klarman illuminates the impact of the momentous Brown v.

Klarman also sheds light on broader questions such as how judges decide cases; how much they are influenced by legal, political, and personal considerations; the relationship between Supreme Court decisions and social change; and finally, how much Court decisions simply reflect societal values and how much they shape those values.

Brown v. Board of Education and the Civil Rights Movement #ad - Brown v. He offers a richer, more complex understanding of this pivotal decision, going behind the scenes to examine the justices' deliberations and reconstruct why they found the case so difficult to decide. Now, paperback edition, in this marvelously abridged, Michael J. Supreme Court. Klarman's brilliant analysis of this landmark case illuminates the course of American race relations as it highlights the relationship between law and social reform.

Acclaim for from jim Crow to Civil Rights:"A major achievement. It bestows upon its fortunate readers prodigious research, nuanced judgment, and intellectual independence. Randall kennedy, The New Republic"Magisterial. The new york review of Books"A sweeping, erudite, and powerfully argued book.

#ad



Risking Everything: A Freedom Summer Reader

#ad
Wisconsin Historical Society Press #ad - You’ll witness the final hours of three workers murdered on the project’s first day, hear testimony by black residents who bravely stood up to police torture and Klan firebombs, and watch the liberal establishment betray them. These vivid primary sources, collected by the Wisconsin Historical Society, provide both first-hand accounts of this astounding grassroots struggle as well as a broader understanding of the Civil Rights movement.

The selected documents are among the 25, 000 pages about the Mississippi Freedom Summer Project in the archives of the Wisconsin Historical Society. The manuscripts were collected in the mid-1960s, at a time when few other institutions were interested in saving the stories of common people in McComb or Ruleville, Mississippi.

Risking Everything: A Freedom Summer Reader #ad - . Most have never been published before. Risking everything: a freedom summer reader documents the 1964 mississippi freedom summer Project, when SNCC and CORE workers and volunteers arrived in the Deep South to register voters and teach non-violence, and more than 60, 000 black Mississippians risked everything to overturn a system that had brutally exploited them.

In the 44 original documents in this anthology, eavesdrop on their meetings, shudder at their suffering, you’ll read their letters, and admire their courage.

#ad